Glossary



A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  • CAT Scanner : Apparatus using X-rays linked to a computer that makes it possible to produce cross-sectional images of an organism.
  • Catabolism : Phase of metabolism that provides energy in the form of heat or chemical reaction through the breaking down of complex molecules.
  • Cell : Base unit of an organism. Cells have specialized functions (neuron, blood cell) and are surrounded by a membrane. Contained in the cytoplasm are subunits called organelles.
  • Cerebrospinal fluid : A fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.
  • Cerotic acid : Saturated fatty acid with 26 carbon atoms. With ALD, high levels of this acid are present.
  • Chorionic villi : Part of the placenta of fetal origin (that exists until the 15th week of pregnancy).
  • Chromosomes : ¬†Large structures in the nucleus of the cell that each contain several thousand genes. There are 23 pairs of chromosomes in each human cell except in the germ cells.
  • CNS : Central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).
  • Cytokine : Glycoprotein involved in the development and regulation of the immune system.
  • Cytoplasm : A fundamental component of the living cell.
  • Cytoskeleton : Network of filaments, grouped into sets or dispersed within the cytoplasm of the cell, making up the eternal skeleton of the cell and giving it shape, elasticity and mobility.